Created-Renewed
2012/03/27-2012/11/24
 

CHANGE THE MIND! IMPERATIVE OF HUMANITY SURVIVAL



There are such pages on the site:

* HOMEPAGE
* CHANGE THE MIND!
* UNITE MINDS!
* THINK of OTHERS!
*
SUSTAINABI-
LITY CHALLENGE

* PLANETARY RESPONSIBILITY
* DIALOGUE ON CIVILIZATION
* ETHIC IMPERATIVE
* DEMO-IMPERATIVE
* ECO-IMPERATIVE
* INDIVIDUAL SURVIVAL
* INFO-PAGE
*TRETYAKOV'SKAYA GALLERY OF IDEAS

More significant materials of the site:

Shortage of panoramic thinking: signs seen everywhere
Shortage of panoramic thinking: signs seen everywhere
Panoramic thinking as a concept
Creating a system of civilization security
Civilization Security division at the UN has to be
Bankruptcy of intelligent people in civilization process
Civilization omissions to be found and filled in
Nature's recommendations for international institutions
New dimension of human rights
Universal Declaration of Human Planetary Responsibility
Humankind must have been fooled
Coauthoring with Voltaire
Secret of humor from depth of the evolution
Evolution classification of mental bugs

 


Critical Global Issues and Viable Solutions as seen by the leadership of the Council on Global Issues

Authors team of the Council on Global Issues includes:
*Prof. Helmut Burkhardt, Founding President of CGI, Former President of http:// www. scienceforpeace.ca Science for Peace, Canada;
*Dr. Rose A. Dyson, Vice-President of CGI, President of Canadians Concerned About Violence in Entertainment;
*Dame StG Julia Morton-Marr, Vice-President of CGI, President of International Holistic Tourism Education Centre.
 

With annotation by Dr. Vladimir N. Tretyakov (blue italics)

Their Handbook on Critical Global Issues and Viable Solutions (2006) learning to think good, widely, critically, and systemically, with my comment in blue italic type, where places of especial meaning selected by upright. The places withdrawn of the original text are shown here with […] for them to be found there easier.

Introduction
Loss of personal integrity
Loss of societal integrity
Loss of ecological integrity

Root Causes of Problems
Greed, intolerance, and other deadly sins
Faulty Social Structures: Absolute sovereignty of nations
Overpopulation, over-consumption, inappropriate technology

Viable solutions
Human Rights, Human Responsibilities, and the Earth Charter
The science of peace
Managing humankind's ecological footprint
Ways to implement solutions
Top-down approach
Bottom-up approach: change of attitude and culture
Appendix: Peace matrix

Introduction

Human civilization is endangered by anthropogenic environmental degradation, and by destructive social and individual conflicts. A collapse of civilization is possible through nuclear weapons, and through loss of vital environmental resources. The current human activities are worsening the situation.

Security once depended on military strength of a nation. The advent of nuclear weapons has ended this option; now military might leads to mutual assured destruction, and therefore the resolution of conflicts by the rule of international law has become a necessity.

The use of fossil fuels has advanced technology-based civilization to unprecedented levels. However today, we begin to realize that the consequences of our energy choices may lead to climate change, and the demise of fossil fuel based civilization.

Long term systemic thinking and appropriate action at the global and local levels are urgently needed for achieving sustainability and civility in the world community. Sustainability is the overarching issue ; it rests on three pillars: ecological, societal, and personal integrity.

All is counted in this paragraph: systemic thinking, global and local actions according the thought up solutions, perpetual correcting-conveying the actions taking into account whole-systemic after-effects of any change carried out, and civilization sustainability as an the highest goal, for sake of which all is done.

Priority Issues: Threats to Technology-Based Civilization

Loss of personal integrity

Billions of human beings on the planet are unhappy due to their inability to satisfy their basic personal needs. Poverty is a threat to personal integrity. It is frequently accompanied by basic physical problems such as malnutrition, inappropriate shelter, and unsanitary environment causing disease and death. Personal well-being is threatened by violence, chemical pollution, pandemics, and climate change.

Loss of societal integrity

War and terrorism within and between nations is a critical global issue . An all-out nuclear war causing a nuclear winter would be a catastrophe for humankind; it would not only create social chaos, but ruin the life-supporting ecosystem beyond repair. The devastating power of existing nuclear weapons is illustrated in http://perc.ca/PEN/1990-02/nuc-chart.htmlFig.1 where explosive power at the disposal of nuclear weapons states is shown: 1 point -- firepower of WWII (3 megatons) and 6 thousand as more as in 1984 (18,000 megatons).
Here authors give a conclusion:
Given the lethality of today's weapon systems, military strength is no longer a meaningful option for achieving national security. The resolution of conflicts through war between sovereign nations is an anachronism .

The risk of such an event is at present unacceptably high due to the existence of thousands of nuclear weapons on hair trigger alert , and due to a policy of launch on warning . The threat is further increased by some nations' stated or clandestine policy of first use of nuclear weapons in a conflict situation. Nuclear weapons proliferation gives malevolent states and even terrorists the power to stir up the international social structure. The consequences for all nations are serious.

Very expressive is this “weapons on hair trigger alert”! The resume however may be enforced:
If human civilization “wants” to develop according laws of a theatrical drama, then “hand-gun” weapons “to be hanged” accumulated “at 1 st act” (in 2 nd Millennium) “should shoot” (should explode) “at 3 rd act” (in 3 rd Millennium).

The United Nations in its present form does not have sufficient support to establish a global rule of law. Nations resist giving up parts of their sovereignty to a global authority; therefore the UN cannot prevent wars between nations, civil wars, or global terrorism. Blockage of the UN reform by jingoistic, self centered nations hamper the evolution of a desirable world order, and create a threat of fatal nuclear wars .

Let's mark: the 1 st factor of not-sustainability is of military character. The next ones to be not military show that these have not less threatening character for the very existence of human civilization.

Poverty and resource scarcity are other critical social issues. The gap between the rich and the poor is wide, and growing. Without a fair distribution of wealth, peace is threatened.

Pandemics are a threat to social structures as well. Global travel by humans and migrating birds can spread a disease right around the globe. Our health care systems are insufficiently prepared to cope with this situation. The social fabric of a country can be destroyed by disease. At present, grandparents care for many of the children in Aids stricken regions. In the next generation, however, there will be children without living parents or grandparents.

All these issues have the potential to create global chaos , and the collapse of our technology based civilization.

Loss of ecological integrity

Healthy ecosystems are the major supplier of vital resources to humans. Scarcity of resources from the environment -- be it clean air, water, food, energy, or land -- leads to violent conflicts within nations, and to war and terrorism between nations. Rwanda , the Sudan , and the Middle East demonstrate how violent conflicts emerge indirectly from an ecological deficit .

Already today, 150 major nations of the world show an ecological deficit. Taken together, the ecological footprint of all nations in the year 2001 is some 20% bigger than the ecological capacity of the Earth.

Authors gave here a diagram to show: in 1961 Global ecological footprint of humankind was 0.5 of biocapacity of the Earth; in middle 1980s they were equal; in 2001, as said above, the former was 1.2 of the latter; their extrapolated relation by 2011 is about 1.4. Thus, since middle 1980s we are live beyond means we are given.

Food and water shortage are fundamental problems. Famine in parts of the world used to be a problem of food distribution. This is no longer the case. As world population grows there is an increased threat of global food shortage .

In last year the UN informed: in the world, there are over 1 billion of people perpetually starving.

A human monoculture without the support of other species is not viable. Anthropogenic, human caused mass extinction of species is a threat to human survival.

Authors shown a diagram: according Millennium Ecosystem Assessment project the Living Planet Index showing biodiversity of the population of vertebrates species since 1970 to 2000 came down on about 30% for both terrestrial and marine species and on about 50% for freshwater species.
In addition – from Wikipedia art. Biodiversity : “Almost all scientists acknowledge that the rate of species loss is greater now than at any time in human history, with extinctions occurring at rates hundreds of times higher than background extinction rates.”
Any imaginable court of these vertebrates remaining alive and being able to speak might pass the sentence “to the highest measure” for Homo sapiens as the very injurious for the life on the planet. Unfortunately, an idea to judge ourselves after strict moral criteria is not attractive among people.

Present energy practice creates a critical global issue due to the fact that the world energy system developed historically on the basis of fossil fuel resources, which are limited, and their use is causing severe damage to the environment such as climate change, and pollution.

Diagram is given to show raising the measured global surface temperatures on 0.8 °C since 1860 to 2000. It might appear somebody insignificant. We can make certain of reverse visiting Linda Beamish site http://Eco-Designs.co.uk where cause-effect links of risen temperature are good described.

Root Causes of Problems

Problems are sometimes created by geological or by cosmic events such as earth quakes, volcanic eruptions, or the collision of Earth with a comet, which is a rare event. However, many of the global problems are manmade . Examples include the growth paradigm , narrow Darwinism, local and short term self interest , false notion of national sovereignty, political correctness, hypocrisy, biased notions of justice, religious intolerance, elitism, master race or the chosen people syndrome, gender imbalance, values distortion due to commercial exploitation of children.

Greed, intolerance, and other deadly sins

In general, individuals lack education and skills in critical thinking that would enable them to include global and long term issues in their minds; many are driven by natural instincts to procreate, consume goods, and use cheap inappropriate technology ; many are misguided to violence, consumerism, by irresponsible media representing vested economic interests. Media illiteracy is common.

It is important to understand why people lack skills in critical thinking. Our evolution prehistory, with its hard pressure of the eliminating separation, makes humans be strictly distinguishing “Ego” and “all others”. That is why the proposal “to change the world, change first yourself” is a good wish only. Really, someone may quite fill in the lack of self-criticism with critically thinking on outer events and others' behavior. Very hard for one to be self-critical and at that to have stimuli do such to not lay claim to oneself. In result, the world is going to worse times.
Traditional ethics have failed to give a universal definition of the ‘good'. Fundamentalist religious teachings contribute to people's problems. Each religion is presented to believers as the absolute truth ; unfortunately, this plants the seed of intolerance against other religions with different views. A religion telling its believers that they are god's chosen people is as dangerous as the master race syndrome. A set of universal values is missing.
Really, considering that there are 5 basic religions, even of them having N k believers (k is 1 to 5). Let B is total sum of all believers. Then total sum AF of all alien-faith believers

AF = B – N 1 + B – N 2 + … + B – N 5 = 5B – B = 4B.

We have got
paradoxical conclusion: there are much more “untruly believers” including atheists “believing” that none god is existing than “truly believers”. It gives an additional explanation why religions alienated people and especially peoples. Not astonishingly that “clash of civilizations” is perpetually going and has a chance to get the war aggravation.

The Universal declaration of Human Rights by the UN is of much help to those who are suppressed. However, a Universal Declaration of Human Duties was not issued at the same time . This has led to a culture where individuals are quick at demanding their rights to food, and shelter, while forgetting their duties, their responsibility for the global commons. Without placing global and local sustainability at the core of people's mindset, humanity is on a path to self-destruction . Traditional curriculum needs updating to include global sustainability content.

On topical character of the problem pointed out says the imposing list of attempts done independently to impress an intention of their authors and organizations for responsibilities and duties to be introduced into international documents. The list is given in Anthony Judge's draft (2007) Universal Declaration of Responsibilities of Human Intercourse and replenished my the latest 2008 draft Universal Declaration of Human Planetary Responsibilities.

Faulty Social Structures: Absolute sovereignty of nations

Absolute sovereignty of nations is an anachronism , which causes violent conflicts and wars. The big nations, in particular, claim sovereignty, act in a selfish manner, and do not acknowledge world law and regulations.

There is a systemic flaw in the practice of local democracies. Elected politicians have a time horizon to the next election . Therefore, the local and short-term issues dominate the system due to the need of politicians to win elections. Long-term and global issues are neglected to the detriment of the people. The political leverage of financially strong corporations has an undue influence on governments, and the election of politicians. Thus, the basic idea of democracy of one person one vote is lost ; instead, vested interests combined with mass media power determine the outcome of elections. The purpose of both, corporations and government is to serve the people, and that tends to be forgotten.

To remember Churchill's dictum: “It has been said that Democracy is the worst form of government except all those other forms that have been tried from time to time.” Really, how democratic form may be perfect if one voice is given as to independently thinking person as well to person influenced, unable to be determined what s/he wants?

An unregulated economic system such as a totally free market is intrinsically unstable and leads to economic inequity and injustice. The over-regulated communist system does not fare much better; total equality is unnatural, it does not stimulate personal responsibility. A golden path in the middle may correct the faults of both.

May not correct" is fixing another alternative admitted above when “a golden path” doesn't exist. After Stafford Beer's Law of Inter-Recursive cohesion , just it is the case, as both economic systems' functioning carries the loss of subsystemic autonomy called by dysfunctional over-centrality though of different kinds .

The lack of full spectrum global and local justice causes many of our problems. Full spectrum justice means a fair distribution of population, environmental and economic resources, and social services and obligations.

Media are compromised by having to earn money. Information, propaganda, advertisements, popular culture, and the news, which all come under the rubric of mass media, are shaped and compromised by dominant corporate interests focused on profits. In the process, truth is sacrificed to what sells: violence and fashionable political correctness. Sustainability messages are absent because themes involving long term human benefits do not sell as quickly or as cheaply. Thus, the huge potential of the media, as the greatest educator the world as ever known, is either misdirected or lost entirely .

Clear-cut conclusion! Unfortunately, hard to imagine that any change to better will happen. All-penetrating media pressing upon people is mighty and hard avoided.

Overpopulation, over-consumption, inappropriate technology

A paradigm dominates politics and economics. While a growth philosophy was appropriate for past eras of human development, it is now a dangerous, misguided mindset. However, a shift to a sustainability paradigm is not happening and we get deeper into global ecological deficit. Unless we abandon the growth philosophy, and aim at stability, resilience, and dynamic equilibrium between humanity and the ecosystem, we are doomed .

Population is one of the major factors causing the global ecological deficit. As human population is growing, the habitat for other species is diminishing. Rational management of human population to match the carrying capacity of the land is desperately needed.

Of course, “the land” has to be understood here in wide sense including the water and clear air as their carrying capacities are as well insufficient to meet human demands.

Consumerism
is the second major factor for damage to the global ecosystem. The notion of contraction and conversion was developed for energy use during the Kyoto negotiations. However, it is not practiced in regards to energy, other resources, or population and that causes continued damage to the global environment.

The third major factor in humankind's excessive environmental impact is the use of inappropriate technology . While the steam and combustion engines were a blessing relieving humankind from hard labour, the associated burning of coal and oil is today's curse, causing pollution and climate change.

One additional reason for the increasing danger of the collapse of our technology based civilization is in not heeding the message in the precautionary principle http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precautionary_principle .

Complex global and long-term processes cannot be predicted with accuracy. Hence there is a need for applying the precautionary principle to avert disasters.

Viable solutions

A set of universal values is needed to judge actions taken. Protecting existing life and the procreation of life are of biological necessity, primary values. All other practical and cultural values are instruments for the achievement of primary values. The ecological instrument is a healthy web of all life forms ; social instruments are peace and justice ; individual instruments are the basic necessities of life, healthcare, education, intellectual and spiritual development.

It's proper to add that education, intellectual and spiritual development are “double” instruments as being ab CONTENT=2p/strongle to change not only themselves, but to perfect as well, through feed-back mechanism, ecological, social, and individual ones.

The sustenance of the life of the individual, the family, the local and global community is the ‘universal good'. Peace, justice, and a healthy web of life in the global ecosystem are necessary instruments to achieve this goal.

Human Rights, Human Responsibilities, and the Earth Charter


The 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a milestone in protecting personal integrity . However, those whose rights are guaranteed must not forget that rights are given to humans by humans; with rights we must assume responsibilities. Nearly 50 years later, the Interaction Council proposed a Universal Declaration of Human Responsibilities. An excellent guideline for a responsible world citizen is the Earth Charter.

Here are as well to mention very containable Universal Declaration of Responsibilities of Human Intercourse (2007) by Anthony Judge (see the link above).

The challenge for religious leaders, educators, and responsible media is to make individuals aware of their rights, but also of their responsibilities. Good citizens provide for their own needs, and care for the well-being of their fellow humans, for peace, and full spectrum justice. They have respect for all life, and are stewards of a healthy ecosystem.

In my draft Universal Declaration of Human Planetary Responsibilities I separated also those addressees of the challenge above excepting religious leaders being missed + state leaders, politicians, public figures, intellectuals, analysts, ecologists, belletrists and artistic actors what in principle might be promoters of the concept of Human Responsibility, equally with Human Rights, towards to the level of International Law.

Each individual is imbedded in a social structure, and in an ecosystem. Therefore, the individuals are interlinked with their environment , and their well-being is often influenced by circumstances beyond their control.
That fair remark may be replenished, applicably to the School direction: the content of our thinking is determined by a social structure and environment we live in, but as well by our activity and –it's especially important for those who want to be independently thinking- by our own mental efforts.

The science of peace


Since the invention of nuclear weapons, peace has become a necessary condition for human survival. Fortunately, peace is also possible since humankind has a long tradition of making peace.

[…]The common feature of the entities who have achieved internal peace is that they have a government. The traditional well functioning governments are characterized by three independent powers: a legislative power, jurisprudence, and an executive power.

Those entities that have achieved external peace have in common that they have traded parts of their sovereignty for external peace; they are imbedded in a bigger entity, which regulates their relation to other entities at their own level. […]

Achieving internal peace in a continental region by follow the European example can result in governments with legislative power, jurisprudence, and executive power for any continental region. Similarly, for internal peace in the world we need a world government of this kind that regulates the relationship between continents or large nations.
As this planet has no external hostile entities to deal with, this will be the end of war.

J. Rubin in 1991 points to the difficulty of creating peace in this manner: “To accomplish this end, it is necessary to find a way of making states subordinate to a higher authority. States and their leaders should be obedient to a unified world law the way that individuals are obedient to local laws. This is the most radical solution to the problem of war, and being radical, it is not a popular option”.
[…]

J.Rubin is right, the peace with help of any world government is a big difficulty. But he'd be much more right having said about impossibility of such governed world now and in visible future. Some simplifying, a world government will come when the world gets quite another, more tolerant and more single. Now it is out of top actuality, that is why I've taken off some paragraphs of this chapter where was elucidated how a world government being created might and should function. Implicitly the notion was begot with using the linear causality, whereas that is the nonlinear causality what is characteristic of the modern world. See please further the chapter “Bottom-up approach: change of attitude and culture” to get more adequate direction of the thought.

Managing humankind's ecological footprint

It is the world government's responsibility to steer the process of change in the global commons through legislation and regulations.

The above reply means the world government notion may only be used as having sense “the as-if world government”. It's so as its verdicts may only have recommending, not obligatory character for states.

By imposing fines on illegal environmental actions, taxes on undesirable processes and by giving financial incentives to desirable processes of change governments contribute to the protection of the global commons. All factors that contribute to humankind's ecological footprint need to be managed.

Population management is a politically sensitive issue, as procreation next to life itself, is seen instinctively and legally as a fundamental human right. Any interference by government is seen as an injustice. However, given the present state of the world, it has become a necessity. In fairness to all, contraction and convergence of birth rates for all nations to a globally sustainable level is the solution recommended for the population question.

The rate of consumption of resources and services is a major factor in human impact on the environment. A regulation of consumption has become a necessity. Again contraction and convergence in the resource and services consumption is recommended as a solution, which is fair to all.

The choice of technology is the third major factor that determines humankind's footprint. Inappropriate energy technology is responsible for climate change, and needs special attention.

According to the World Council on Renewable Energy there is a great danger in not realizing that all political and economic decisions affecting energy planning need to be refocused on the development of http://www.world-renewable-energy-forum.org/2004/download/WREA.pdf sustainable renewable forms of energy . A total replacement of atomic and fossil energy by Renewable Energy is necessary and possible. The major premise of World Council on Renewable Energy Agenda is: “Atomic and fossil energies are entirely unnecessary. Renewable Energy can meet the energy demands of mankind. The shift to Renewable Energy is a golden, historic opportunity, not a burden or a threat; this inexorable shift offers many benefits for the renewal of societies.”

The White Paper of the International Solar Energy Society Transitioning to a Renewable Energy Future http://www.ises.org/shortcut.nsf/to/wp shows the various technological options for the achievement of comprehensive Renewable Energy strategies.

A survey of the feasibility aspects of a variety of energy resources and recommendations resulting from the various aspects of feasibility are further given. In particular, the list of energy systems to be rejected is presented.
Ad “To choice of technology subject” has much to do James Greyson's project proposal on circular economy to be worked out in the framework of CoLab at MIT Centre for Collective Intelligence.

Ways to implement solutions

Top-down approach

Institutional reform is a high priority, since it is faster than a change of popular culture. A recent example for a swift institutional change is the demise of the Soviet Union and the reorganization of Eastern Europe by President Gorbachev. An appropriate social and political architecture can be achieved by embedding nations in continental and world governments with legislative, jurisprudence, and executive powers

A properly reformed United Nations is the best candidate for a world government. Prime Minister Tony Blair was right on target when he said in his foreign policy speech: “Increasingly, there is a hopeless mismatch between the global challenges we face and the global institutions to confront them”.   Clearly, given the necessary governance tools, i.e. legislative, jurisprudence, and executive powers, the UN will be able to protect the global commons, and solve international conflicts through the rule of law; world law is enforced by a world police rather than by military might. A reorganized, adequately empowered UN will supply global legislation, independent courts of justice, and the executive powers to guarantee the safety of nations.

I propose here to get familiarized as well with my
Nature's recommendations for international institutions written 2 years later.

The users of the global commons must pay a global tax in addition to the local taxes. Some of the tasks for the UN in the role of world government are: set up world parks to protect the remaining wilderness, which is relevant for the resilience and the stability of the ecosystem; manage the world population and consumption to sustainable levels, and to enforce by legislation the use of appropriate technology.

Institutionally, it is time we stopped allowing tax dollars to be used to provide generous grants for gratuitously violent and pornographic films, television programs, video and computer games. These all misdirect creative talent and energy into counter productive areas. Instead, let's focus cultural policy through script writing on sustainability issues . At the municipal level, our major cities and transportation centres ought not to give out permits for production of harmful films, television programs and video games on the basis that these would contravene policies for safety and security. At present, these kinds of productions are encouraged because they are perceived to be "good for the economy". At the national level, the radio, television, and telecommunications commissions must do better jobs at implementing relevant legislation such as the Broadcast Act in Canada . The public interest must be first, ahead of accommodating media corporate interests. UNESCO and the WHO should be urged to acknowledge the harmful effects of these kinds of popular culture as well as the relentless commercial exploitation of children  which not only fuel violence as a conflict resolution strategy and consumer driven value systems but lead to obesity and other physical health problems as well.

There will be here of course the scarecrow “A censure!” what may be used against media public control by organizations and corporations to be interested in going on the existing practice .

Bottom-up approach: change of attitude and culture

An excellent example for this bottom up approach to change through personal awakening is given in the successful http://www.sarvodaya.org Sarvodaya Movement in Sri Lanka developed by A.T. Ariyaratne. It follows the basic Buddhist thinking that all change starts with a change of mind of individuals.

This assertion may be widened to account challenges facing the civilization, e.g. so:
All change starts with a change of mind of individuals;
the more drastic change needs in the world, the more essentially our minds should be changed; human civilization is seriously threatened as going to extinction;
the very drastic measure need to carry out it on the sustainable path of development;
features of human mind determine as its creative ability as well as its imperfectness;
to have risen to higher mentality is the only possibility for humanity to exist indefinitely.

Consent, it is much more than personal awakening…


Global sustainability education
for all is essential for implementing viable solutions of global and local problems. Educational institutions and the media have the responsibility to create public awareness of sustainability issues; this awareness will allow politicians to act responsibly on long-term and global issues. A larger role of civil society will help implement wise choices.

Global sustainability education requires a curriculum core reform towards systemic thinking . The teachings at all levels must include: ecosystem sustainability, social relations in a culture of peace, and individual rights and responsibilities. There is an urgent need for educational change for all communities. The necessity and urgency of developing a core curriculum for schools and universities, in line with this handbook of critical issues, requires no argument. -- Understanding the life cycle of every action of our lives in essential.

Sustainability Literacy' core curriculum includes: imparting forest dwellers knowledge, i.e.: how to live within the planets ecosystem to consumer civilizations. It is the ability to educate societies so that they function within the web of life . Current internet use has increased the ability to communicate positive actions and successes instantly which will aid in the development and implementation of a sustainability literacy core curriculum.

This will still not be easy. Some aspects of teaching must include; systemic thinking, universal values, consumerism reduction, energy reduction, and a spirituality of co-existence in peace on planet earth. Literacy means that societies must be able to achieve more than the ability to read and write in a local language. It also requires a global language that can explain sustainability as a functional educational tool. This will require a greater degree of understanding and fluency in all aspects of sustainability, especially the role of population, resource use and feasible solutions.

Ministries, school boards, and Schools will need to combine their economic and human resources with other government departments such as environment, water resources, food security and economic development. Community life within democracies will advance to a higher level of sharing.

Global Sustainability Literacy GSL curriculum has two pillars: first, ecological integrity for resource security, and second, social integrity for peace and non-violent conflict resolution. Both of these are well defined in the Earth Charter. In 2003 UNESCO adopted this soft law. Included in these parts are the two primary values: life and procreation, which foster a bio-centric worldview.

Ecological integrity requires understanding of Ehrlich's & Holdren's equation: Human Impact = Population x Affluence Consumerism x Technology. I = P x A x T, which covers the human impact on the environment.

Social integrity or social peace depends on a healthy ecosystem. Environmental degradation leads to resource scarcity, which in turn leads to loss of social integrity and violent conflicts according T. Homer?Dixon, of the University of Toronto . Injustice is another way of losing social peace; it is the main cause of terrorism.

Injustice should include also what appears because of unfair or simply bad laws. The first may be even observed, having begot nevertheless injustice; the second, i.e. bad, muddle law, leave loopholes for injustice.
As for social peace, it depends as well from what is a culture of peace. To higher it might be risen owing the ecology of inter-human space as a school discipline
.

As a GSL Curriculum is developed, and before any action is implemented, each current issue and its impact require curriculum discussions on:

•  The effect of a current population increase on the environment and how it impacts to the 'eco?system' and all species in the 'web of life'.

•  The impact on the local economy of human's affluence and the consumerism involved with the earth's resources.

•  The local impact of current and future technology on the local environment and society.

The GSL Curriculum for all students would require these elements. Communication skills and mathematical knowledge are tools to understand current problems, and to solve conflicts peacefully.

Curriculum developed by the Holistic Tourism Education Centre IHTEC examines the inter?disciplinary relationships between various branches of knowledge. The 'Culture of Peace through Tourism' concept includes values and sustainable practices explained on the IHTEC website http://www.ihtec.org . […] The core curriculum consists of concepts around "A Culture of Peace through Tourism" as a central. […]

The practical application of Global Sustainability Literacy can be implemented through the IHTEC's International School Peace Gardens by linking to your local, national, world heritage, and wilderness parks as the cultural and environmental knowledge base; by using Friendship Benches as the inspiration and location for conflict resolution; by studying Life Zone Biodiversity in several different local ecosystems. Knowledge of what grows in each area is vital to the survival of all species.

ISPG can contribute to “Species Support”, by planting food supplies for migrating species and creating water supplies, such as required for “Creature Corridors”; by encouraging and studying water and soil protection, regional and in some cases, even international interconnectedness through the “Watershed Peace Pathways” program. In certain locations, ISPG program will include studying oceans and coastal areas using “Marine Peace Parks” as a focus.

“Social Integrity” can be investigated and studied through studies in conflict resolution, inter?cultural understanding” using language arts and performing arts with participants around the world linking up as “guests” and “hosts” to each other, in the application of these programs.

Population, affluence and consumerism can be investigated and studied by applying the concept of “Substance Accounting for Eco?Systems”, which allows participants to account for the gains and losses in their respective SPG, and to identify what problems may arise. Technology can be investigated and studied in many ways; the one promoted by IHTEC at the outset, which is enjoying considerable popularity worldwide is solar energy. […]

The same criteria apply to the popular culture industries that now have such an enormous impact on the value systems of the young, in particular. If we are to create an educational framework for implementation of the earth charter principles, commercial exploitation of children must be stopped.  Widespread denial of harmful effects from violent entertainment must be addressed. In recent decades the value systems of children have largely been given over to huge media conglomerates and this has to change. World outlooks shaped and honed by violent entertainment and consumerism are antithetical to aims for an end to war, a culture of peace and long term sustainability.

In Appendix Handbook, Peace Matrix is given to develop
…an understanding of the network of responsibility and authority relations between organizations and individuals. Each entity is connected to, and interacts with other entities of the same level, and of different levels of organization.

Here are 12 entities to be separated:
E: Environment, Ecosystem

U: UN, global government

B: Block or continental union

N: Nation

D: Districts, i.e. provinces, states, or territories

M: Municipalities

C: Corporations

W: Workers' Unions

P: Public Interest groups, NGOs, Clubs

R: Religious communities

F: Family

I: Individual

giving in result 144 pair relations between them. The meaning to create the matrix is explained so:

Each ‘actor' involved in a relationship has responsibilities and authorities that need to be studied in detail in order to avoid confusion and misunderstandings in the highly complex interactions. […] distribution of the rights and responsibilities in the 144 relations are of utmost importance for understanding and for managing the affairs of all these social entities and individuals in a peaceful manner.

Really, it's important to have before eyes such panoramic view for nothing to be omitted.

Concluding remarks
I hope that Handbook proposed as a lecture will widen our worldviews, give us new subjects for reflection on situation in the world and ideas how it may be change to better.
I am only to say that high authority of the authors must not get a cause to adopt their opinion as forbidden for critics and independent estimations.
As authors could mark some critical moments have crept in my annotations. I'd be glad if Prof. Helmut Burkhardt, Dr.
Rose A. Dyson, and Dame StG Julia Morton-Marr were interested in discussing or debating any subject touched here .

 

 







   
   
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